Coccidiosis in dogs and cats | Pet Clinic Hospital in Gurgaon
- Date: 24-08-2020
- Post By: Dr Sapna Soni
- Category: Veterinary Hospital in Gurgaon
This is a severe enteric infection caused by Cystoisospora canis in dogs and Cystoisospora felis in cats. This parasite is highly host specific. It mainly happens in immunocompromised animals. Eimera spp. Is not parasitic for both dogs and cats.
Pathogenesis: Affected animals sheds oocytes in the faeces. By feco-oral route these oocytes enter into the host body and complete its life cycle and severely affects body’s immune system and gastrointestinal system.
Pathological signs and symptoms: Profuse and voluminous watery diarrhea occur in affected dogs and cats. Sometimes blood tinged diarrhea is also observed in affected animals as this parasite may cause sloughing of intestinal mucosa. Severe weakness observed in affected animals. Dehydration may be noticed in affected dogs and cats due to loss of fluid. Affected patients will be immunocompromised and auto reinfection will be observed as noticed by Pet Prime veterinary clinic (Best pet clinic in Gurugram). Abdominal discomfort and inappetence is also observed.
How to diagnose coccidiosis in dogs and cats: For proper diagnosis of coccidiosis, first we have to diagnose the parasite. Parasite can be diagnosed by:
- Fecal flotation (preferably centrifugation flotation technique) for oocysts
- Direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) assay is a sensitive dual assay (can detect Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts very well) and can be performed at reference laboratories or university parasitology laboratories. Cystoisospora oocysts should be 40 𝜇m long whereas cysts of Cryptosporidium are approximately 5 𝜇m diameter.
How to treat coccidiosis in dogs and cats?
Symptomatic treatment should be done with signs and symptoms with specific antiparasitic drugs like Sulfadimethoxine, trimethoprim, sulfadiazine and amprolium. But these antiparasitic drugs have severe side effects if used in over dosage or for long time like amprolium may cause severe neurological signs if use in excess amount for long time whereas sulfadiazine and trimethoprim are potential teratogenic drugs so should be use cautiously as suggested by Dr. Sapna Soni ( CEO at Pet Prime Veterinary clinic, the best pet hospital in Gurugram.
Clindamycin can be used to check secondary bacterial growth. Parmomysin can also be used which is very effective in coccidiosis. Tylosin and azithromycin combination can also be used to treat coccidiosis which has good afficacy. Fluid therapy is recommended to avoid dehydration. Do not use sulfa drugs if affected patient already has any hepatic or renal issues. This disease mainly affects young puppies and kitten and that too mainly immunocompromised one as informed by pet clinic near me.
How to prevent this disease?
Healthy animals should be separated from the affected one as this disease may be life threatening in young and immunocompromised patients. Avoid overcrowding so that reinfection can be prevented.