Importance of Sterilization in Dogs

  • Date: 13-07-2020
  • Post By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon

Neutering (also known as castration) and spaying are the common term used to describe the surgical procedure during which both testicles (in males) and uterus and its parts (in females) are removed in order to sterilize (make infertile) a male and female dog respectively. At Pet Prime Veterinary Clinic (best pet clinic in Gurgaon), we also do sterilization of dogs.

What are the advantages of sterilization of dogs?

Sterilization has many advantages for the long-term health of your dog including:

  • Reduces the risk of cancers in male like benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate that comes with age), prostatitis, testicular cancer (prostate infection) and in female like uterine cancer.
  • Reduces the risk of hormone-related diseases such as perianal adenoma (benign tumor around the anus)
  • Removes sexual urges, which usually decreases roaming behaviors as suggested by many veterinary hospital in Gurgaon.
  • Reduces certain types of aggression suggested by Pet Prime Veterinary Clinic (Pet clinic in sector 5, Gurugram).
  • Neutered dogs generally live longer lives than unneutered dogs
  • Reduces the likelihood of separation anxiety or fearful elimination
  • What are the potential disadvantages?

Potential disadvantages to sterilization can include:

  • Sterilization a dog will reduce his metabolism; however, obesity is the result of overfeeding and lack of physical activity. By regulating your dog's diet and caloric intake and ensuring regular – at least daily – exercise, you can prevent obesity in neutered or intact males.
  • Sterilization large breed dogs before bone growth is complete has been associated with increased risk of cruciate ligament tear (knee injury).
  • Sterilization before maturity may be associated with increased risk of certain behaviors such as noise phobia.

Despite these studies, neutering is considered to be the best option for the overall health and longevity of your dog. Neutering does not cause a change in personality, guarding instincts, intelligence, playfulness, and affection.

When should the operation be performed?

Most veterinarians recommend sterilization at around six months of age. Talk to your veterinarian about their recommendations for the best time to neuter if you have a large breed puppy.

Is there any alternative to surgery?

There are no currently approved alternatives to surgery. You should discuss this with your veterinarian to determine if there are any new therapies appropriate for your pet.

Are there any dangers associated with the operation?

Sterilization is considered a major operation and requires general anesthesia. With any anesthetic the risk of serious complications, including death, is always present. However, with modern anesthetics and monitoring equipment, the risk of a complication is very low.

Are there any post-operative precautions I should take?

Rest and restriction of activity are the primary post-operative care you should provide. Most dogs can resume normal activity five to ten days after surgery. Until then, leash walks, lots of rest, and no swimming, bathing, running, or climbing stairs is advised. Many veterinarians will recommend your pet wear a protective device such as an Elizabethan collar (E-collar) or alternatives to the E-collar to prevent your dog from being able to lick at his incision.

Pet Prime is the best pet clinic in Gurugram. You can find everything for pet care under one roof like vaccination, treatment, surgery & grooming.


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