Dr.Sapna Soni Owner
Tick Paralysis in Dogs Pet Prime Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon
  • Date:2020-06-23 14:34:30
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  • Posted By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon

Paralyasis caused by neurotoxins released by female ticks in dogs which is mostly ascending in nature is called tick paralysis. Paralysis may occur after 3-4 days of initial tick infestation. A single tick may also cause tick paralysis. Neurotoxins released by ticks causes interference in the release of acetylecholine at neuromuscular junction which causes interruption of calcium flux across axonal membrane as suggested by best pet clinic in Gurugram (Pet Prime veterinary clinic in Gurugram).

What are the systems affected in tick paralysis:

  1. Nervous system: Peripheral nervous system and neuromuscular junction most affected systems. Cranial and Vagus nerves can become involved.
  2. Respiratory system: There may be paralysis of the intercostal muscles and diaphragm in advanced cases of tick paralysis. Caudal brainstem and respiratory center may be affected in few cases.


General signs and symptoms of tick paralysis: History of tick infestation in the affected dogs approximately 1 week before onset of signs. weakness in the pelvic limbs which progresses to the thoracic limbs within 12–72 hours. Stiffness of the legs and joints may also occur. Patient becomes extremely weak to recumbent in 1–3 days in advanced cases but the Pain sensation preserved with no hyperesthesia. Cranial nerve dysfunction also happens in severely advanced cases. When facial weakness happens there is pain in swallowing and eating (dysphagia). Pulmonary edema may occour due to respiratory involvement. progressive reduction in respiratory rate mat occur. Patients may show hypoventilation and respiratory acidosis due to accumulated carbondioxide in lungs. Urinary bladder dysfunction may be present in some cases.


Diagnostic procedures for tick paralysis:

  1. History of tick infestation.
  2. Electrodiagnostics—electromyogram also helps in diagnosing tick paralysis by analyzing myoactivity.


How to treat tick paralysis:  

A. Use acaricidal drugs like ivermectin 0.4 mg/kg bw, doramectin etc.

B. Use nervine tonic to cure nervous symptoms.

c. Remove ticks from dog’s coat manually

D. Use spot on solution for tick removal

E. Use Oxygen cage to prevent hypoventilation and hypoxia.

F. Intravenous fluid therapy should be given if patient unable to eat or drink due to dysphagia, vomiting or regurgitation.

G. Use oxytetracycline through intravenous route to avoid secondary bacterial infection suggested by Pet Prime veterinary clinic in Gurugram.

H. Use supportive medication as well to cure other secondary signs and symptoms like inappetence, dullness, fever etc.



Although humans can acquire the disease by being bitten by the same ticks but tick paralysis is not transmitted to humans from affected pets.


Dr.Sapna Soni Owner
Importance of Sterilization in Dogs
  • Date:2020-07-13 10:04:03
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  • Posted By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon

Neutering (also known as castration) and spaying are the common term used to describe the surgical procedure during which both testicles (in males) and uterus and its parts (in females) are removed in order to sterilize (make infertile) a male and female dog respectively. At Pet Prime Veterinary Clinic (best pet clinic in Gurgaon), we also do sterilization of dogs.

What are the advantages of sterilization of dogs?

Sterilization has many advantages for the long-term health of your dog including:

  • Reduces the risk of cancers in male like benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate that comes with age), prostatitis, testicular cancer (prostate infection) and in female like uterine cancer.
  • Reduces the risk of hormone-related diseases such as perianal adenoma (benign tumor around the anus)
  • Removes sexual urges, which usually decreases roaming behaviors as suggested by many veterinary hospital in Gurgaon.
  • Reduces certain types of aggression suggested by Pet Prime Veterinary Clinic (Pet clinic in sector 5, Gurugram).
  • Neutered dogs generally live longer lives than unneutered dogs
  • Reduces the likelihood of separation anxiety or fearful elimination
  • What are the potential disadvantages?

Potential disadvantages to sterilization can include:

  • Sterilization a dog will reduce his metabolism; however, obesity is the result of overfeeding and lack of physical activity. By regulating your dog's diet and caloric intake and ensuring regular – at least daily – exercise, you can prevent obesity in neutered or intact males.
  • Sterilization large breed dogs before bone growth is complete has been associated with increased risk of cruciate ligament tear (knee injury).
  • Sterilization before maturity may be associated with increased risk of certain behaviors such as noise phobia.

Despite these studies, neutering is considered to be the best option for the overall health and longevity of your dog. Neutering does not cause a change in personality, guarding instincts, intelligence, playfulness, and affection.

When should the operation be performed?

Most veterinarians recommend sterilization at around six months of age. Talk to your veterinarian about their recommendations for the best time to neuter if you have a large breed puppy.

Is there any alternative to surgery?

There are no currently approved alternatives to surgery. You should discuss this with your veterinarian to determine if there are any new therapies appropriate for your pet.

Are there any dangers associated with the operation?

Sterilization is considered a major operation and requires general anesthesia. With any anesthetic the risk of serious complications, including death, is always present. However, with modern anesthetics and monitoring equipment, the risk of a complication is very low.

Are there any post-operative precautions I should take?

Rest and restriction of activity are the primary post-operative care you should provide. Most dogs can resume normal activity five to ten days after surgery. Until then, leash walks, lots of rest, and no swimming, bathing, running, or climbing stairs is advised. Many veterinarians will recommend your pet wear a protective device such as an Elizabethan collar (E-collar) or alternatives to the E-collar to prevent your dog from being able to lick at his incision.

Pet Prime is the best pet clinic in Gurugram. You can find everything for pet care under one roof like vaccination, treatment, surgery & grooming.

Dr.Sapna Soni Owner
Ear Mites in Pets An Overview
  • Date:2020-07-17 10:53:23
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  • Posted By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon


Most irritating blood sucking parasites found in the external ear canal of pets called Otodectes cynotis.

Signs and symptoms:

It causes severe otic discharge and pruritus. Usually “coffee color exudate” oozes out of external ear canal which may be off smell. Sometimes crusting or scaling may be present on the ear pinna and neck. Excoriation or scaling may lead to intense pruritus. Due to intense scratching, sometimes pyotraumatic wound may occur inside or around the ear.


Ear mites when infest the skin then they bite and release some chemicals which trigger animal’s immune system. Due to this trigger, some neurotransmitters released at neuronal junction which causes intense itching due to release of acetylecholine at the neuronal junction. This intense itching may cause pyotraumatic wound due to rupter of sublined capillaries.

How to diagnose ear mites:

1. Ear Swab : Ear swab cane be used for identification of ear mites. For identification, we need to put ear swab on mineral oil. It is a useful method of identification of ear mites.

2. Skin scrapings: Skin scraps can be taken for identification of ear mites.

How to treat ear mite infestation?

Affected Ears should be thoroughly cleaned with a commercial ear cleaner. Otic parasiticides should be used for 7–10 days to eradicate mites and eggs. Effective topical commercial products contain pyrethrins, thiabendazole, ivermectin, amitraz and milbemycin. To prevent reinfestation from eggs treat during alternative weeks for two to three treatment cycles is recommended. Selamectin spot on solution can be used topically and can be repeated at 2 weeks. Imidacloprid/moxidectin (Advantage Multi/Advocate) can be used to treat ear mite infestation. Ivermectin 200–300 kg PO (three treatments) or SC (two treatments) at 14-day intervals can be used which has good results on ear mite infestion in pets. These parasiticidal drugs should be used within appropriate dosage as these drugs may cause severe side effects and toxic reactions in the body like nausea, lethargy, neurological changes like seizures. Erythmia may occur as a result of skin reaction as suggested by Pet Prime ( best pet clinic io Gurgaon) .

In severe toxic reaction of these parasiticidal drugs, death may occur due to severe affection of respiratory, circulatory and nervous system. Generally cats less than 6 months of age shows abrupt side effects for ivermectin and moxidecin. Topical antiparasiticidal drugs should not be used for cats due to their sensitive skin and adverse reaction. Traumatic wound should be treated accordingly. Antibiotics can be given to avoid secondary bacterial infection as suggested by Pet Prime (dog and cat clinic in Gurgaon).

Dr.Sapna Soni Owner
Heat Stroke in Pets An Overview Pet Prime
  • Date:2020-07-24 07:13:42
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  • Posted By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon

Heat stroke is a form of non-pyrogenic hyperthermia that occurs when heat-dissipating mechanisms of the body can not accommodate excessive heat. Hyperthermia can be categorized into pyrogenic hyperthermia (pyrexia or fever) and non-pyrogenic hyperthermia. Heat stroke comes under non pyrogenic hyperthermia as in this body set point for temperature does not change. In heat stroke body temperature may rise upto 109 degree faranhite without any signs of inflammation as explained by Pet Prime (dog care clinic in Gurugram). 

Systems affected by heat stroke: Multiple system may get affected by heat stroke due to thermal damage which results in to protein denaturation, cellular necrosis and hypoxemia.

Cardiovascular—Hypovolemia, cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial ischemia, and necrosis may occur. 

Gastrointestinal— Mucosal ischemia and ulceration, bacterial translocation and endotoxemia. 

Hemic/Lymphatic/Immune—Hemoconcentration, thrombocytopenia and DIC. 

Hepatobiliary— Hepatocellular necrosis. 

Musculoskeletal— Rhabdomyolysis. 

Nervous—Neuronal damage, parenchymal hemorrhage, and cerebral edema. 

Renal/Urologic— Acute renal failure may occur.

Physical Examination Findings : Affected animals may show Panting, hypersalivation, hyperthermia, hyperemic mucous membranes, pale mucous membranes, cyanosis, tachycardia, cardiac dysrhythmias, shock, respiratory
Distress, ematemesis, hematochezia, melena, petechiation, changes in mentation, seizures, muscle tremors, ataxia, coma, oliguria/anuria, respiratory arrest, cardiopulmonary arrest due to thermal damage to the body organs. 

What are the CBC/BIOCHEMISTRY/URINALYSIS outcomes on heat stroke?

CBC abnormalities may include stress leukogram, leukopenia, anemia, nucleated RBCs, thrombocytopenia, or hemoconcentration.

Biochemistry profile may show azotemia, hyperalbuminemia, elevations in serum enzymes hypernatremia, hyperchloremia, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, hyperphosphatemia, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hyperbilirubinemia. 
 Urinalysis may show hypersthenuria, proteinuria, cylindruria, hemoglobinuria and myoglobinuria.

What is the treatment for heat stroke?

Immediate correction of hyperthermia should be done by spray with water or immerse in water prior to transport to veterinary facility. Convection cooling can be done with fans. Evaporative cooling such as alcohol on foot pads, axilla, and groin should be done which is very effective. Stop cooling procedures when temperature reaches 103◦F to avoid further hypothermia. Oxygen supplementation via oxygen cage, mask, or nasal catheter should be done to avoid hypoxia. Fluid support should be done to avoid shock condition. Complications, seizures, renal injury, cerebral edema should be treated accordingly by using nervine tonics and suitable antibiotics. 

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents are not indicated in non-pyrogenic hyperthermia because the hypothalamic set point is not altered. Due to possible adverse effects, The use of corticosteroids is considered controversial in heat stroke as suggested by best pet clinic in Gurugram (Pet Prime Veterinay clinic).

What is the prognosis and outcomes of heat stroke: Prognosis is dependent on underlying cause or disease process. Prognosis may be guarded depends on complications that occur (renal failure and DIC) and duration of episode. Prognosis is good if we moniter the patient at an early stage but it is guarded if condition is diagnosed at later stage or after onset of nervous signs as suggested by Pet Prime ( dog and cat clinic in Gurugram).

Dr.Sapna Soni Owner
Best pet clinic in Gurgaon Pet Prime Veterinary Clinic Pet Prime
  • Date:2020-08-10 11:10:47
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  • Posted By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon

Tired to find - where is the best pet clinic in Gurgaon?

Pet Prime Veterinary Clinic is the best pet clinic which is situated in Huda market, sector 5, Gurugram. We at Pet Prime provide all the services for wellbeing of pets like vaccination, treatment, dentistry, minor and major surgeries, lab analysis, grooming and pet products. We provide our utmost care for healing the pets from illness.

Our strongest pillar?

Dr. Sapna Soni is the strongest pillar at our clinic who is post graduated in veterinary pathology and diagnostic. She has great experience in treating pets. She works patiently. She handles pet with her utmost care and safety. She treats a wide variety of animal species like canine, feline, legomorpha, lab animals and birds. She can do all kind of minor and major surgeries. She is a great surgeon whose surgeries generally has no complications. Her art of doing surgeries is very good.

How are we different from others?  

Care, compession and love these are our three main motives for our work and treatment. We stand by our these motives by giving good results by our treatment and surgeries. We provide the best treatment which is deserve by every pet as love shown by pets are almost infectious and best. We at Pet Prime provide all pet services under one roof for their proper and complete care. We also provide lab analysis of samples so that accurate diagnosis can be done in appropriate time as a good diagnosis leads to a good prognosis of disease. We have inhouse grooming facility for beautification of your pets and their proper hygiene. We have adequate space for waiting area so that clients do not face any difficulty in sitting and roaming while their pets are being treated. We also have car parking space for your safe parking of cars. In short, we take complete care of you and your pets.

We also have dentistry facility as pets do not brush, we take care of their oral hygiene by doing dental scaling and other dentistry facilities. We treat patients like that’s own. We give first preference to our patient’s concern for their wellbeing. We have got good staff who are very experienced in their work. Dr. Sapna Soni is very experienced in treating animals as she herself is a pet lover. She herself feeds stray dogs. She is very efficient in her work. She is very dedicated for her work, surgeries and pets treatment.  Pet Prime has a dedicated team for wellbeing of pets. Pet prime is fully accomplished with modern techniques of diagnostic tools and machines where we can diagnose a disease at early stage so that it does not get aggressive with time. If you are looking for dog vaccination near me, best dog doctor near me, pet doctor near me then Pet Prime Veterinary clinic is the best suited option for you.


Dr.Sapna Soni Owner
How AZOTEMIA Affect Pets Pet Prime
  • Date:2020-10-08 08:39:08
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  • Posted By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon

Azotemia is an excess of urea, creatinine, or other non-protein nitrogenous substances in blood, plasma, or serum.


Uremia is the polysystemic toxic syndrome that results from marked loss in kidney functions. Uremia occurs simultaneously in animals with increased quantities of urine constituents in blood (azotemia), but azotemia may occur in the absence of uremia as suggested by best vet doctor in Gurugram.


Causes of azotemia: Azotemia can be caused by:


(1) increased production of non-protein nitrogenous substances.

(2) decreased glomerular filtration Rate

(3) reabsorption of urine that has escaped from the urinary tract into the bloodstream. High production of non-protein nitrogenous waste substances may result from high intake of protein (diet or gastrointestinal bleeding) or accelerated catabolism of endogenous proteins. Glomerular filtration rate may decline because of reduced renal perfusion (prerenal azotemia), acute or chronic kidney disease (renal azotemia), or urinary obstruction (post-renal azotemia). Reabsorption of urine into the systemic circulation may also result from leakage of urine from the excretory pathways (also a form of post-renal azotemia).


SYSTEMS AFFECTED: Uremia affects virtually every body system.


1. Cardiovascular—arterial hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, heart murmur, cardiomegaly, cardiac rhythm disturbances.

2. Endocrine/Metabolic—renal secondary hyperparathyroidism, inadequate production of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol) and erythropoietin, hypergastrinemia, weight loss.

3. Gastrointestinal—anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, uremic stomatitis, xerostomia, uremic breath, constipation.

4. Hemic/Lymph/Immune—anemia and immunodeficiency.

5. Neuromuscular— dullness, drowsiness, lethargy, fatigue, irritability, tremors, gait imbalance, flaccid muscle weakness, myoclonus, behavioral changes, dementia, isolated cranial nerve deficits, seizures, stupor, coma, impaired thermoregulation (hypothermia).

6. Ophthalmic—scleral and conjunctival injection, retinopathy, acute-onset blindness.

7. Respiratory—dyspnea may occur.

8. Skin/Exocrine—Pallor, bruising, increased shedding, unkempt appearance, loss of normal sheen to coat.


How to diagnose the condition:



  • Nonregenerative anemia (normocytic, normochromic)—often present with chronic renal failure as tested by many veterinary Doctor in Gurugram.
  • Hemoconcentration—often present with prerenal azotemia; can also be seen with acute renal failure and post-renal azotemia.



  • Concurrent hyperkalemia may be consistent with post-renal azotemia, primary renal azotemia due to oliguric renal failure, or prerenal azotemia associated with hypoadrenocorticism.
  • Increased serum albumin and globulin concentration suggest prerenal azotemia or a prerenal component.





  • Abdominal radiographs— Helps in diagnosis of the condition.
  • Ultrasonography—may detect changes in echogenicity of the renal parenchyma and size and shape of kidneys that support a diagnosis of primary renal azotemia.
  • Excretory urography, pyelography, or cystourethrography—may help establish the diagnosis of post-renal azotemia due to urinary obstruction or rupture of the excretory pathway.



Primary renal azotemia and associated uremia:

(1) specific therapy directed at halting or reversing the primary disease process affecting the kidneys

(2) symptomatic, supportive, and palliative therapies that ameliorate clinical signs of uremia; minimize the clinical impact of deficits and excesses in fluid, electrolyte, acid-base balances; minimize the effects of inadequate renal biosynthesis of hormones and other substances, and maintain adequate nutrition.


Post-renal azotemia—eliminate urinary obstruction or repair rents in the excretory pathway; supplemental fluid administration is often required to prevent dehydration that may develop during the solute diuresis that follows correction of post-renal azotemia as suggested by many dog care clinic in Gurugram.


Fluid therapy—indicated for most azotemic patients; preferred fluids include 0.9% saline or lactated Ringer’s solution. Determine fluid volume to administer on the basis of severity of dehydration or volume depletion. If no clinical dehydration is evident, cautiously assume that the patient is less than 5% dehydrated and administer a corresponding volume of fluid. Generally, provide 25% of calculated fluid deficit in the first hour as suggested by Pet clinic in sector 5 in Gurgaon.

Dr.Sapna Soni Owner
Diagnosis and Treatment of Canine Acral Lick Dermatitis in Pets Pet Prime
  • Date:2020-11-20 07:57:30
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  • Posted By: Dr Sapna Soni
  • Category: Best Pet Clinic in Gurgaon

Acral lick dermatitis is a chronic lesion disease which is directly caused by self-trauma. A cycle of licking, pruritus, and secondary infection develops. It is also called acral lick granuloma.


Systems Affected:

Skin/Exocrine system is mainly affected



This condition is most common in large breeds especially Doberman pinschers, Labrador retrievers, Great Danes, Irish and English setters, golden retrievers, Akitas, Dalmatians, boxers, Shar-Peis, and Weimaraners. Age at onset on this disease varies (especially with cause). No sex predilection is there as both male and female pets are affected as suggested by veterinary hospital near me.


Signs and symptoms:

Excessive licking of the affected area. Alopecic, eroded, thickened, and raised firm plaques with scabs and exudation which usually located on the dorsal aspect of the carpus, metacarpus, tarsus, or metatarsus. Lesions often occur singly or may be multiple. Affected licked area my become hyperemic or swollen along with redness and pain. Affected dogs will lick the area repeatedly due to severe itching. Affected dogs will be irritated and may become aggressive due to continuous irritation at the affected area.


Causes of acral lick dermatitis:

Focal trauma to the area initiating a lick-itch cycle. Anything which is causing a local irritation or lesion may initiate response. Associated diseases like staphylococcal furunculosis, hypersensitivity, endocrinopathy, demodicosis, dermatophytosis, foreign body reaction, neoplasia, underlying joint disease or arthritis, trauma, neuropathy, psychogenic, or sensory nerve dysfunction may be the precipitated factors for this disease as explained by many veterinary hospitals in Gurugram.


How to treat acral lick dermatitis:

  1. Behavioral therapy: Attempt should be made to identify psychological causes of this problem. If there is any tick/mites which is irritating the dog, then treat the dog for parasitic infestation.
  2. Physical restraints: Elizabethan collars and bandaging can be done to permit healing.
  3. Diet: No modification in food should be done unless food hypersensitivity is suspected. Difficult to treat this condition, especially if no underlying cause is found. Warn owner that patience and time are necessary.
  4. Antibiotics: Based on bacterial culture and sensitivity, appropriate antibiotics should be used. Antibiotics should be administered until infection is completely resolved. Antihistamines e.g., hydroxyzine (1–2 mg/kg PO q12h); chlorpheniramine (4–8 mg/dog PO q12h) should be used to remove the problem of pruritus. For topical application, Flunixin meglumine and fluocinolone in dimethyl sulfoxide (combined) can be used. Topical medications should be applied with Gloves to avoid any infection from the affected animals. Animals should be kept from licking the area for 10–15 minutes for better effectivity. Monitor level of licking and chewing closely to treat properly. Treat underlying disease to prevent recurrence. If no underlying disease is detected, suspect psychogenic causes (compulsive or self-mutilation disorder); prognosis is guarded.

Pet Prime Veterinary Clinic: A pradise for well being and good health of your pet where we are healing with love

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